01 Ottobre 2022
Excelsior Palace Hotel, Taormina - ME
There are many reasons why chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) deserves to be high on the list of disease targets and research. COPD is still a major public health problem because has an high prevalence and it is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide creating a formidable challenge for the healthcare systems. COPD is one of the most frequent causes of unscheduled visits in the offices of general practitioners and specialists and of emergency wards visits and hospital admission. Furthermore COPD, causes 3.2 millions of deaths worldwide and represents one of the top causes of death among the Italian population. In addition, COPD care, both directly and indirectly, use a substantial amount of the resources of Italian National Health Service, with a significant impact on social expenses. Despite recent trends in reduction of COPD standardized mortality rates and some recent successes in anti-smoking efforts in a number of Western countries, the overarching demographic impact of ageing in an ever-expanding world population (around 8 billion in February 2022), joined with other factors such as the high rates of smoking, will ensure that COPD will remain a challenge for clinicians within the 21st century epidemiologic point of view.
For every COPD patient that physicians could avoid putting on a long-term ventilator this will save an enormous amount of money of the Italian National Health Service.
Sicily (http://pti.regione.sicilia.it/portal/page/portal/PIR_PORTALE) has a passive (requests of being cured in other Italian regions) mobility of 6-8% of all Sicilian COPD patients.
Current personalised treatment of COPD is unable to completely modify the natural history of the disease in its different and complex clinical phenotypes or to fully satisfy the expectations of the patients. In addition there are molecular links, still largely under investigated, between COPD, lung, cancer and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) all smoking-related disease but with different clinical-pathological expressions.
It is particularly relevant that in a large longitudinal study of asymptomatic patients with mild-to-moderate COPD, ~33% of subjects died of lung cancer over ~15 years suggesting that lung cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in COPD patients. These patients share a common environmental risk factor (smoking) and a genetic predisposition represented by the incidence of these diseases in only a fraction of smokers. Moreover there are no prognostic biomarkers to monitor the natural history of the disease in a simple and non-invasive way. For all these reasons, this meeting will represent an important moment of discussion between Italian and International experts on the most recent available evidence on the molecular pathogenesis of COPD. The Academic Pulmonology team at the University of Messina, Italy (www.unime.it) wish to stay at the cutting edge of the COPD research with the aim of discovering new therapeutic targets and new prognostic biomarkers, which may in the future allow us to better control the disease.
Prof. Gaetano Caramori, Messina, Italy
Lifetime Honorary President of the meeting:
Prof. Giuseppe Girbino, Messina, Italy
Dr Francesco Nucera, Dr Luca Ricciardi, Prof. Paolo Ruggeri and Dr Ilaria Salvato , Messina, Italy
Life-long Learning in Medicine:
The meeting is part of the CME program of the Ministry of Health for 50 participants.
This meeting is part of the teaching activities of the students of the International PhD Translational Molecular Medicine and Surgery of the University of Messina, Italy (https://www.unime.it/it/dottorato/translational-molecular-medicine-and-surgery) and of the residents of the specialisation schools of the University of Messina, Italy